Natural resource management and climate change mitigation and adaptation for strong progressive communities are PGI focus to rally communities, CSOs in reversing the top down approach that is still dominating the sector in ASAL counties. Climate change is indeed a reality in the ASAL communities. This has been caused by gradual change in weather patterns over the past years. The droughts were more frequent, prolonged and severe. The rainfall patterns too had changed dramatically. The rainfall seasons are shorter, intense and erratic leading to floods that formed gullies due to sheet erosion. Temperatures had also changed with time and affected the ASAL community livelihoods
The livestock lacked pasture and fodder during the dry periods and hence weakened and died, animal disease also caused death of livestock during the floods leading to socio - economic difficulties. The impacts of climate change were also contributing to high levels of insecurity in the ASAL regionsdue to conflicts over resources such as water and pasture, as well as cattle raid after drought.The climate change induced droughts had dried up the natural sources of water leaving the community with acute water shortage. Women and girls were affected most because they had to trek long distances for water hence girls could not go to school and mothers could not engage in any useful activities.
The ASAL communities are trying to cope with the impacts of climate change by using indigenous knowledge to adapt. The strategies they have put in place are; embracing agro-pastoralism and small scale business. Therefore, to mitigate the impacts of climate change in the ASALs communities PGI design and uses a multi sectoral approach by incorporating relevant sectors and policy frameworks to achieve resiliency in their livelihoods.
Community Capacity Development in Environmental Conservation
Climate change mitigation and adaptation still needs to get more attention in the public debate especially for ASAL communities. PGI will contribute to increase participation and engagement of the public at all levels in discussions and activities related to climate change. The private sector is very pivotal in climate change mitigation by exploiting the natural resources for alternative energy sources. Another key issue is to engage citizens and local communities in the management and conservation of key ecosystems. This can involve us in capacity development, advocacy as well as activism and environmental awareness raising. We will particularly engage the county governments in the ASALs areas to prioritize addressing problems of climate change as they are serious in these areas as experienced with the floods and extreme dry spells.
Mainstreaming community engagements in environment & natural resources management
PGI will work with communities to realize the resources at their disposal and how to utilize them in bringing gains. It will support resource mobilization efforts, creating awareness on prudent use of resources, inculcating good budgetary practices at the relevant ASAL counties level and increasing participation in resources management and decision making
Indigenous Land Rights
In Kenya communities identified as indigenous are pastoralist and hunter and gatherers. Pastoralists are estimated to comprise 25% of the national population of 38.6 million (2009 census), while the largest individual community of hunter-gatherers numbers approximately 79,000. These communities have no rights to ancestrial and indigenous lands, successful governments have been discriminating and excluding them from from national development each time. With the climate change and increasing competition resources in the ASAL regions. Pastoralist Girls Initiative work with indigenous communities in ASAL regions to amplify their voice to confront and advocate against multifaceted social, cultural, economic and political constraints and challenges. We support communities to organize themselves to protect the land, water and natural resources that they depend on for their livelihood.